Basic Game Rules

Ball Hockey - The Game That's Too Hot for Ice

The Gas City Ball hockey League adheres to the game rules as set out by the Canadian Ball Hockey Association and the Alberta Minor Ball Hockey Association. The Association may from time to time strength these rules as determined by the Referee in Chief and the Technical Director and approved by the Board of Directors. The complete standard rule book as released by the Canadian Ball Hockey Association is available from the Referee in Chief or the Technical Director upon request. The following is a summary of the basic rules as posted by the Canadian Ball Hockey Association and the Alberta Ball Hockey Association.


The object of the game quite simply is to strike the ball with the hockey stick into the opponent's hockey net (6 feet wide x 4 feet high, 1.83 m x 1.22 m) A low-bounce type of ball is used. For added safety, hockey gloves, helmets and shin pads are mandatory for play in our league. 

Any size or type of non-slip flooring can be used as a playing field. In Canada, most of our leagues operate in hockey arenas or gymnasiums. All CBHA provincial, regional and national events are held in full sized hockey arenas (generally around 200 feet long x 85 feet wide, 60.96 m x 25.91 m). When played on the surface of a hockey rink, six players, including the goalie, compete against the opposing team's six players. Extra players are usually kept on each bench, outside the playing surface, and interchanged with the six on the floor either during play or at a stoppage of play.

When played on smaller surfaces, fewer players can be used during play. In its simplest form, the game can be played without floor markings and few rules. However, in organized competition regular ice hockey floor markings are used, including goal lines, goal creases, blue lines, center line, face-off circles and neutral zone face-off dots.The following are additional rules:

  • Face-offs (players are lined up facing each other in a designated area on the floor), are used at the start of each period of play and after goals, penalties, icing, offside, or when the ball leaves the playing area.


  • Penalties are called when a player commits a foul. The offending player is then removed from playing for a period of time, depending on the severity of the infraction and the team continues play one player short until the penalty has elapsed.


  • When an offside occurs Play is stopped. Before entering an opponent team's zone (the area from behind their net to their blue line) the ball must cross the blue line first before the player or any of his teammates.


  • Icing (or flooring) occurs when a team shoots the ball before the shooting player physically crosses the center line and the ball passes the opponent's goal line before any player, of either team, can touch it. A stoppage of play shall occur with the ensuing faceoff taking place in the end zone of the team that shot the ball. If the goalie touches the ball, or the shot creates a goal, there is no icing on the play.


  • "Floating Blue Line": expansion of the offensive zones occurs once a team crosses the opponent's blue line with the ball. The attacking team will then have half of the entire playing surface within which to control the ball, from behind the opponent's goal to the center line of the area. If the defending team sends the ball past center, the zone is reset to the blue line and their opponent must regain it as explained above. See below for a visual of this rule.


Floating Blue Line Rule


  • To score a legal goal, it cannot be kicked in; nor struck with a stick above the shoulders; nor pushed in using the hand, nor while offside.

Games may vary in length, but are generally played with either two or three periods of equal time, example 10 or 15 minute periods. Where a time clock is available, there is a stoppage in play, after a goal, penalty, offside, icing, ball out of play, or goaltender holding the ball for more than a few seconds. If a clock is not available, or the time available to play is limited, running time periods may be used, for example three 15 minute periods.

Gas City Ball Hockey typically uses 20 minute stop time periods for all divisions U8 and up.

Think you know ice hockey? Compare the rule differences between ice hockey and ball hockey in Canada.


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